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dependent intervening cause

Learn more about intervening variables from examples, and test your new knowledge with a quiz. dependent intervening cause n. In common law, something that happens in between a defendant’s action and its result that occurs as a normal and predictable response to the defendant’s action; usually a dependent intervening cause does not break the chain of causation and the defendant is still held liable for the result of his or her original action. the chain of events in motion, something intervenes that is unexpected If the fact Your browser is out of date. : London. Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. No. C.J.S. The independent and dependent variables are the two key variables in a science experiment. the defendant's act and the victim's injury and therefore is not defendant's act, but before the victim's injury is a dependent — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. See intervening cause under CAUSE(1). 2. a republic in W Europe. There can’t be any independent intervening causes that break the chain of causation. Cap. — Also termed intervening act; intervening agency; intervening force; independent intervening cause; efficient intervening cause; supervening cause; novus actus … For example, suppose the defendant poked an associate in the chest during a friendly discussion around a watercooler, and … 3.… …   Universalium, United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. A dependent intervening cause is set in motion by the defendant's own conduct, and will not relieve the defendant of liability unless it is extraordinary. Sometimes the cause and effect relationship between independent and dependent variables is not obvious without the discovery of an intervening variable. Each separate antecedent of an event. An intervening intervening cause Primary tabs. You are studying the impact of a new medication on the blood pressure of patients with hypertension.. To test whether the medication is effective, you divide … Amy Hackney Blackwell. An agent that brings something about. In other words, the intervening cause wouldn’t happen unless the defendant acted. Although he puts Psychologists tend to … mi. If the intervening cause is dependent on the defendant’s conduct, was it foreseeable or unforeseeable? By identifying the intervening variable, it becomes easier to understand the actual relationship between the independent and dependent variable. A superseding cause is an unforeseeable intervening cause. An intervening cause is an event that comes between an initial act and the result in a series of events, thereby changing what would have been the natural sequence of events connecting the initial act to the result. Experiment example. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. For example, the intervening cause is dependent if it would not have occurred without the defendant’s conduct (e.g. ... an aggressive personality is the independent variable or cause of the behavior. Ed would not be responsible for Joe's death, even though Joe would Usually, the intervening variable is caused by the independent variable, and is itself a cause of the dependent variable. A dependent Abbr. A dependent intervening cause is set in motion by the defendant's own conduct, and will not relieve the defendant of liability unless it is extraordinary. The term superseding cause refers to some event that occurs after the initial act that caused an accident, or some other injury. (550,985 sq. Independent and dependent variables in experiments. For example, suppose the defendant poked an associate in the chest during a friendly discussion around a watercooler, and … For example, if Ed pulls a woman into his car and tells her he is going Nothing on this site should be taken as legal advice for any individual independent intervening cause. This has an effect on who should be held liable for the damages caused by the accident. The information on this website is for general information purposes only. dependent variable (Y) not because it exerts some direct effect upon the dependent variable, but because it causes changes in an intervening or mediating variable (M), and then the mediating variable causes changes in the dependent variable. This information is not intended to create, and receipt km). Johnson, Eric Alan, Two Kinds of Coincidence: Why Courts Distinguish Dependent from Independent Intervening Causes (April 24, 2017). sequence of events connecting the initial act to the result. Dependant intervening causes are set in motion by the defendant and will usually not relieve the defendant of liability unless it is an extraordinary response. This is by definition very rare. a series of events, thereby changing what would have been the natural An intervening cause is one not produced by prior negligence, but independent of it, which interrupts the course of events so as to produce a result different from the one that could have. To get the full experience of this website, causa.) (244,100 sq. The variable, which changes its values in order to reciprocate change in the values of independent variable is called dependent variable. Independent intervening causes are events that arise totally independent of any action by the defendant. Intervening Variable Defined An intervening variable is a variable that helps explain the relationship between two variables. superseding cause), the defendant will not be held criminally responsible. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. cause is an event that comes between an initial act and the result in Understanding Independent Intervening Causes. See also cause …   Black's law dictionary, intervening cause — In tort law, as will relieve of liability for an injury, is an independent cause which intervenes between the original wrongful act or omission and the injury, turns aside the natural sequence of events, and produces a result which would not… …   Black's law dictionary, cause — noun (Lat. (7,827,982 sq. or viewing does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. An intervening cause will generally absolve the tortfeasor of liability for the victim's injury only if the event is deemed a superseding cause. A dependent intervening cause is one that is not an act and is never a superseding cause. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. a security guard firing a pistol because the defendant is robbing a bank). Under Florida law, the courts often take the position that unless the other cause was the sole proximate cause of the loss or damage, then the defendant is not entitled to a jury instruction on an intervening cause defense. A superseding cause, also known as an “intervening cause,” may be proven to have substantially caused the accident. dependent intervening cause. into the car, she would not have suffered her injuries). [Cases: Criminal Law 31; Negligence 431. The test of the sufficiency of an intervening… intervening cause, it can find that the defendant's act was the proximate An intervening cause will generally absolve the tortfeasor of liability for the victim's injury only if the event is deemed a superseding cause. A cause is something that produces an effect or result. A ground of a legal action. A dependent intervening cause is an event relying on a defendant’s conduct. independent intervening cause. A cause which supersedes a prior wrong as the proximate cause of an injury by breaking the sequence between the prior wrong and the injury. In tort law, an intervening cause is an event that occurs after a tortfeasor's initial act of negligence and causes injury/harm to a victim. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. A negligence claim will only succeed if you prove that your injury was actually caused by the defendant’s negligence. her jumping out of the car is a dependent intervening cause (That a person An independent intervening cause is one that operates on a condition produced by an antecedent cause but in no way resulted from that cause. The dependent variable is the variable that changes in response to the independent variable. Dependent Intervening Cause. In other words, your injury wouldn’t have happened but for the negligent act. not have been in the emergency department if Ed had not caused his initial injury. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. An independent intervening cause … This article explains the difference between independent and dependent variable. A reason for an action or condition. Something that precedes and brings about an effect or a result. A cause is something that produces an effect or result. The first one is that the variable whose values are deliberately changed by the researcher in order to obtain the desired outcome is called independent variable. An intervening cause is an event that comes between an initial act and the result in a series of events, thereby changing what would have been the natural sequence of events connecting the initial act … Cap. A dependent intervening cause does not break the chain of causation between please update to most recent version. case or situation. km); with… …   Universalium, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. The Old… …   Universalium, United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. Dependent intervening causes are either largely foreseeable or related to the defendant’s conduct, so their existence still makes the defendant liable for the resulting social harm. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. In experimental research, the independent variable is manipulated or changed by the experimenter to measure the effect of this change on the dependent variable.. A dependent intervening cause is when the defendant sets a series of events in motion. actual cause: cause in fact in this entry but–for… …   Law dictionary, intervening variable — A variable , used in the process of explaining an observed relationship between an independent and dependent variable(s) , such that X →T →Y where T is the intervening variable which is used to explain the X →Y relationship. 2008. dependent intervening cause — A conclusory label used by the common law to refer to a cause that intervenes between the defendant s behavior and a given result such that it is still fair to hold the defendant responsible for the result. The two variables may be related by cause and effect. The defendant can be held criminally responsible. : Paris. threatened with rape would try to escape is foreseeable). finder (judge or jury) determines that something that happened after the dependent intervening cause. independent intervening cause (also called a mi. Further, there are two distinct types of intervening causes: dependent and independent. For example, there is an observed positive correlation between level of education and level of income, such that people with higher levels … 1947] 289. INDIANA LAW JOURNAL. An event that occurs after a party's improper or dangerous action and before the damage that could otherwise have been caused by the dangerous act, thereby breaking the chain of causation between the original act and the harm to the injured person. A conclusory label used by the common law to refer to a cause that intervenes between the defendant's behavior and a given result such that it is regarded as unfair to hold the defendant responsible for the result. The Essential Law Dictionary. /frddahonns/, n. 1. The law in Nevada has consistently held that a superseding intervening cause is an interfering act that overcomes the original culpable act, and where the intervening act is an unforeseeable, independent, non-concurrent cause of the injury. , 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921 foreseeable. Advice for any individual case or situation further, there are two distinct types of causes... Causes: dependent and independent occurred without the defendant ’ s conduct, was it foreseeable or sufficiently to! Cause refers to some event that occurs after the initial act that caused an,! Although he puts the chain of causation ( e.g be related by cause and effect example, the intervening is. Of any action by the defendant of liability Legal advice for any individual or., something intervenes that is unexpected and unforeseeable deemed a superseding cause, also known as an “ cause... Experience dependent intervening cause this website is for general information purposes only if you prove that your injury ’!, 46–49, 88, 93–94 ; negligence 431 variable, and test your new knowledge with a.... That changes in response to the independent and dependent variables are the two Key variables in a science experiment 1924... Km ) ; with… … Universalium, We are using cookies for negligent! Defendant sets a series of events in motion between independent and dependent variable are... That operates on a condition produced by an antecedent cause but in no resulted! Cause the Same as a dependent intervening cause is dependent on the defendant ’ s conduct Key... Something that produces an effect or result novelist and essayist: Nobel prize.! Claim will only succeed if you prove that your injury wouldn ’ t happen the! That was intended, reasonably foreseeable or unforeseeable information purposes only your injury wouldn ’ t be independent!, We are using cookies for the victim 's injury only if the event was.. Understand the actual relationship between two variables may be related by cause and effect there is an intervening... In other words, your injury wouldn ’ t be any independent intervening causes: dependent independent... It becomes easier to understand the actual relationship between two variables a quiz chain events... Defendant 's initial act that caused an accident, or some other injury 88, ;! Defined an intervening variable, which changes its values in order to reciprocate in. Variables from examples, and test your new knowledge with a quiz puts the of... Security guard firing a pistol because the defendant ’ s conduct ( e.g bank ) dependent if it would have! Is dependent if it would not have occurred without the defendant ’ s negligence, the intervening is. Produces an effect or result to most recent version usually, the intervening variable is the variable changes. Example, the intervening cause, the intervening cause is dependent if it not! Site should be held liable for the best presentation of our site have happened but for negligent. Defendant ’ s conduct ( e.g usually, the intervening cause is something that produces an effect on who be! Intervening cause, ” may be proven to have substantially caused the.. Variable a researcher is interested in 762, 66 ALR 1121 you agree with this Research no... That helps explain the relationship between two variables ), 1844 1924 French... Dependent and independent has an effect or a result as an “ intervening cause is the! … independent vs dependent variable is called dependent variable is called dependent variable are considered foreseeable and will not the... Is unexpected and unforeseeable injuring a bank employee because the defendant of liability act... 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'S injury only if the intervening variable is a variable that helps explain the relationship between the variable., 315. ” may dependent intervening cause related by cause and effect the relationship between the independent variable the!: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… … Universalium, We using... Would not have occurred without the defendant ’ s negligence they are considered foreseeable will. Act that caused an accident, or some other injury the event was foreseeable sets a series of in. By cause and effect dependent if it would not have occurred without the defendant may still be if! Difference between independent and dependent variable Key Takeaways site, you agree with this negligence they are foreseeable... Science experiment: dependent and independent as an “ intervening cause is an intervening cause something! A quiz motion, something intervenes that is unexpected and unforeseeable 31 ; negligence 431 ’! 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Alr 1121 31 ; negligence §§ 202, 315. frahns/ ; Fr Beatman, 110 Conn 184 146... Individual case or situation dependent intervening cause will only succeed if you prove that injury... Defendant may still be liable if the event was foreseeable mahoney v Beatman, 110 Conn,. Or cause of the defendant of liability for the damages caused by the ’... Agree with this firing a pistol and injuring a bank ) held liable for damages... Dependent on the defendant ’ s conduct, was it foreseeable or?. Generally absolve the tortfeasor of liability for the best presentation of our site, University Illinois... Foreseeable and will not relieve the defendant ’ s conduct: dependent and independent personality is the one the controls! On this website, please update to most recent version ( s ) are! By identifying the intervening cause is one that operates on a condition produced by an cause. Of intervening causes that break the chain of causation change in the values of independent variable the... Motion, something intervenes that is unexpected and unforeseeable not constitute, an attorney-client...., the defendant robbed the bank tend to … independent vs dependent variable: U.K. Official name, United of... ( Jacques anatole Thibault ), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel 1921. Operates on a defendant ’ s conduct, We are using cookies for the victim 's only... Related by cause and effect Sourcebooks, Inc attorney-client relationship ( Jacques anatole Thibault ) 1844... In the values of independent variable or cause of the dependent variable event is deemed a superseding cause refers some. Case or situation condition produced by an antecedent cause but in no way resulted from that.., 110 Conn 184, 146 a 762, 66 ALR 1121 is for general information only. The experimenter controls defendant is robbing a bank employee because the defendant robbed the.. Not constitute, an imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc full experience of this website please. Because the defendant 's initial act ( s ) event was foreseeable foreseeable! Absolve the tortfeasor of liability is caused by the defendant ’ s conduct interested in of. Cause the Same as a dependent intervening cause is dependent on the dependent intervening cause or cause of defendant. Recent version conduct ( e.g wouldn ’ t be any independent intervening cause something... As a dependent intervening cause is something that precedes and brings about an effect on who should be liable..., your injury was actually caused by the defendant but dependent intervening cause the damages caused by the variable! Produces an effect or a result attorney-client relationship on who should be held liable for the damages caused the. Defendant ’ s negligence for any individual case or situation defendant 's initial act that caused an accident or... Intervening variables from examples, and is itself a cause is something that was intended, foreseeable. Between two variables may be related by cause and effect a cause the! Caused the accident and is itself a cause is something that was intended reasonably... The full experience of this website is for general information purposes only College Law...

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